Impacts of Untreated wastewater in Palestine
Impact of untreated wastewater on natural water bodies: Integrated risk assessment

Background

Why this project? Why is wastewater a risk?

In the West-Bank (Palestine), a significant part of the wastewater receives no or only limited treatment before being discharged in small perennial streams or wadi’s (ephemeral streams). The polluted water infiltrates to a large extent into shallow and deep groundwater bodies and, consequently, pollutes the scarce water resource.

However, local residents of Palestinian cities and rural communities rely on groundwater as the main drinking water source. Additionally, current and future sources for irrigation water include (partly) treated wastewater and groundwater. This project will focus on the fate and transport of contaminations in ephemeral streams and aquifers and the effects of wastewater on the environment, water supply and public health.